Burning while urinating and frequent urination: These are typical symptoms of cystitis. Men are affected less often than women, but the inflammation is usually more severe.
Actually, a bladder infection is considered a typical female disease. The cause of the inflammation is bacteria that rise up through the urethra. They often come from the intestine. In men, the urethra is much longer through the penis – therefore bacteria often do not manage to penetrate from there to the bladder.
Women usually get a bladder infection, if their defenses are weakened anyway. Sometimes it is enough to sit on a cold surface for a long time. “In men, cystitis usually has other reasons,” says Privatdozent Dr. med. Tobias hunter. He is a Urologist and Andrologist and board member of the German Society for Men and Health. He also runs the blog www.maennerarzt.com, where he writes about men’s health issues.
How does bladder infection come about?
In particular, if a man suffers more often from a bladder infection, he should necessarily clarify this medically. “In older men, the prostate often plays a role,” says the expert. If it enlarges, it may be difficult to completely empty the bladder.
“Urine is never completely sterile,” says Jäger. If residual urine keeps remaining in the bladder, bacteria can multiply there and cause inflammation. As with women, this is due to a burning urination and increased urination. “In men, however, fever and chills are much more common,” says Jäger. ( What the differences between the flu and a cold are, read here )
Have the complaints cleared up by the doctor
Sometimes a bladder infection can still be treated by drinking a lot (water and tea) and possibly taking a painkiller. But at the latest when fever and a feeling of illness but an antibiotic is appropriate. “Often then the prostate is affected by the inflammation,” says the expert. (Also interesting: These consequences are when you drink a glass of water in the morning )
In addition, cystitis can also spread to other organs, such as the epididymis, renal pelvis or kidneys. In the worst case, then even threatens blood poisoning, so you should definitely go to the doctor with complaints.
When bladder infections come again and again
“In most cases, then antibiotic treatment is necessary,” says hunter. It is beneficial to examine urine microbiologically. In this way, you can select a suitable preparation that works against the corresponding bacteria.
In addition, if a bladder infection occurs more often, you should definitely find the cause and treat it if necessary. Whether the prostate is enlarged, usually shows already during an ultrasound examination. In other cases, a cystoscopy may be necessary to exclude, for example, protuberances in the urethra or urinary bladder.
Urinary tract infection or cystitis?
However, burning does not always have to indicate a bladder infection. It can also occur with urethritis, which can be triggered by sexually transmitted diseases. These include, for example, chlamydia and gonorrhea. “Disease is manifested by burning in the urethra and outflow,” says Jäger. These pathogens are also combatted with an antibiotic