A stroke of 28? Until recently, doctors described this as “medical rarity”. But more and more younger people suffer a stroke. The causes are just as banal as they are startling.
- In young women, the risk of stroke has increased by a third over the past ten years.
- In young men, smoking, overweight and drug causes of the stroke.
- Particulate matter and carbon monoxide – city air already harms young people and increases their risk of stroke.
Stroke affects mostly seniors – this statement is no longer true. In recent years, more and more young people are affected by infarction in the brain . Many now know in the circle of acquaintances or colleagues, someone who has met this fate – often those affected are not even 30 years old.
There are fewer and fewer strokes among seniors – so the boys catch up
Several international studies now confirm these observations. Within the past ten years, the number of strokes in the group of 18- to 34-year-old women has risen by 32 percent, that of men in the same age group by at least 15 percent. This result surprised even the scientists because, among seniors, the number of severe strokes is slightly reduced.
It is clear that up to 14,000 men and women under the age of 50 suffer a stroke each year in, but there are still no exact figures.
However, the reasons for the increase in stroke among young adults are well established: the current lifestyle with unhealthy eating, too little exercise, excessive celebration, and smoking. Never before have there been so many overweight and smokers among adolescents and young adults – the latter is especially true for young women. One-third of young women smoke. Many also ignore the warning that pill plus smoking increases the risk of stroke.
Unknown causes of stroke – second hand smoke, drugs and city air
Above all overweight and smoking is undisputed risk factor number one for the stroke. And even those who live as smokers among smokers, increased by passive smoking his stroke risk by 30 percent, as a study shows. In addition, high blood pressure and diabetes have increased in younger people and are known to be further risk factors for stroke.
Which also favours the cerebral infarction
- Drug use: Cocaine and amphetamines increase the risk of strokes massive because they can increase the blood pressure abruptly. Then a blood vessel can burst in the brain. Cannabis is dangerous in this context, the risk of brain infarction increases by 26 percent, as a study shows
- Drinking alcohol: People who drink a lot regularly increase their stroke risk by about a quarter, as a large study shows.
- Air Pollution: Fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide are not only targeted at the lungs and bronchi, but are proven to be vascular poisons that can trigger high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Without air pollution, according to one study, there would be 30 percent fewer strokes
Reduce risk factors, avoid stroke
Anyone who has had the chance to experience how difficult it is to be able to find their way back after a stroke, to be able to take care of themselves again and to live independently – if that works after months of hard training – will try to get the most out of it make sure you never have to feel it on your own body . What you can do for it:
- Stop smoking, avoid passive smoking
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Remove obesity
- At least 10,000 steps per day (easy to control with a fitness bracelet)
- Refuel as much fresh, clean air as possible – so do not jog on busy roads. In addition, you can indirectly reduce the health risk of pollution in the air by leaving the car or at least use a low-emission or even pollution-free. Rule of thumb without looking at the (often untrue) information in the vehicle registration: The smaller a car, the fewer pollutants, the larger, the more burdensome for people and the environment.
- Women who take the pill should not endanger themselves with any other risk factor (smoking, second hand smoke, overweight) – or talk to the gynaecologist and switch to hormone-free contraception.
Short-sighted trend: Risky lifestyle
The hip lifestyle of many young adults, however, looks very different: celebrate as long and as often as possible, while smoking, drinking alcohol, eating unreasonably but delicious and occasionally inject drugs. And never before was high-calorie food, smoking, alcohol, and drugs as accessible and cheap as now.
Stroke at a young age is often followed by a second one
However, if side effects threaten serious illnesses such as stroke, you pay with your health – and that price is definitely too high. Experts also warn that in many of the patients who have already had a stroke at 30 or 40 years, a second, usually much heavier after about 30 years is expected. But there is also good news for younger stroke patients: they usually recover a little faster than older patients, they can often walk and talk after months.