Breast cancer is the most common female cancer. Therefore, women should palpate their breasts once a month for changes with specific finger movements. There is a special technique for this.
The sooner breast cancer is detected, the greater the chances of recovery. That’s why it is advisable to scan the breasts every four weeks, says the radiologist and senior physician Thomas Schloßbauer of the University of Munich. Women should start looking for hardening at the age of 25-30 years.
How these indurations feel in the chest, explains the senior physician: “A hardening is indeed relatively hard, much like a golf ball or at least like a cherry. A hardening is usually not displaceable. Unfortunately, only 50 percent of all invasive carcinomas are palpable. ”
How to detect breast cancer while scanning
In order for the palpable carcinomas to be detected, the breast must be scanned with purposeful finger movements. Schloßbauer explains: “If you scan the breast yourself and want to examine the right side, it is best to use the left hand. To do this, stand up and put your hand on the upper outer area of the chest. With several fingers and circular movements, one feels for the nipple. In this way, one examines the entire breast step by step. ”
“The lower parts of the chest can best be examined while lying down. Most importantly, the foothills of the armpit direction goes. Because statistically, most breast cancers occur here. Therefore, one should examine this region particularly thoroughly. Similarly, the armpit should be examined to check whether there may possibly be larger lymph nodes, “Schloßbauer explains.
Scan the breast shortly after the period
The best time to sample is shortly after the period. Then the breast is the softest. Anyone who feels a hardening should visit the gynaecologist immediately. With examination methods such as ultrasound, mammography and in some cases magnetic resonance imaging, the specialist can determine whether the hardening is actually breast cancer and initiate appropriate treatment.